Residual waste: A pathway to commercialize the Air Artifice

wind-magnitude

Have you ever considered to commercialize the air artifice? Well, it isn’t the air we breathe, but the air which we artificially generate and leave behind us as a waste.

What if you could make money when you travel, run or even when you cycle?

Over recent years, the energy economy has been exposed to huge price fluctuations as we can see the huge drop in fossil fuel price and the increase on clean energy spending.

This led to adverse effects on consumers and businesses. There is clearly, an energy risk, which is related to the lack of resources, high cost of extraction and maintenance which is currently thought by transiting into clean technologies.

ICDS ARCH LTD’s research in particle physics identified a pattern in storms that is currently under development to try to explain unusual particle behaviours for weather analysis.

We can look at our environment as a pool with ping-pong balls. Now hit one ball to see the domino reaction on other balls.

A rather complex picture to describe with one formula. When we travel with the car, often, we stick a hand outside, or, if you travel with the train, pay close attention when a trains approaches another train. This is visible, you can hear it and you can feel it and the amount of energy is enormous.

wind-magnitude

Let’s try to explain it first. Every particle has a mass(m) which travels a distance until it hits the other particle as in distance(d). The particle starts to travel at a point (u) until current time(t). When the mass travels, it produces friction in the environment which is defined by the viscosity of the environment(cf).

AEH = [ m*d / (u+t) ]*cf^2

Mankind generates huge amounts of aerodynamic friction, which is currently untapped by other technologies largely due to the lack of safe design.

Recently, the US Government produced a roadside wind turbine prototype that proved to be unsecure for people or animals walking past. Universities around the globe have researched designs on the same issue. Often, the design has proved too bulky for commercial use.

The company announced recently the development of MOION as in Motion Ions for the high speed rail network and plans to release its first prototype in 2017.

ICDSARCHLTD-Moion

Moion intends to offer a secure and safe solution, compatible with many applications.

Moion uses the air friction (drag) to produce energy, without producing resistance.

The collected energy can be used as a power source for Lineside Operational Safety Signs, replacing the need to wire long portions of lineside from substations, thus reducing operational cost and increasing efficiency. This technology can also easily be transferred to road side applications, harvesting waste energy from cars, trucks, and busses.

If you are a manufacturer, distribuitor or and investor in clean technologies, we love to hear from you.

Building for Tomorrow: Environmentally-Responsible Design

The planet earth is the primal construction  site. All of our initial building supplies are provided by the earth’s sources, and even today’s synthetic materials derive in some way from the earth’s normal components. As our metropolitan areas keep on to develop and industrial initiatives expand, we no for a longer time believe we can move forward with unbridled carelessness in phrases of altering the natural surroundings. Sources are minimal. Extreme use of electric power is wasteful. Ongoing generation of toxic and other waste supplies is hazardous. In buy to continue society’s growth, we have come to realize the relevance of environmentally-accountable development, in terms of architecture, engineering, and city growth.

These days, there are several factors and techniques in spot that did not formerly exist to design and build properties while protecting the atmosphere. These must not be seen as hindrances to improvement only in these kinds of a short-sighted attitude is growth noticed as opposed to the safety of the setting. In reality, the opposite is considerably more true: that a lengthy-expression see of development wants to sustain a clean surroundings, both in conditions of controlling sources as properly as advertising a more healthy regular of dwelling.

Environmental Technological and innovation

Buildings residence people: no matter whether residential or business, people reside, breathe, try to eat and perform bodily capabilities inside of structures way much more usually than outside. Architectural engineering today must integrate as optimally as possible the conduite of a building’s h2o offer, wastewater and reliable throw away administration. Environmental engineering, or envirotech, is involved with the design and building of gadgets that synthesize recycling, h2o purification, air purification, sewage treatment method and electricity conservation. As populations increase and cities increase, clear living will count on these systems more and a lot more.

Inexperienced Building contractors

Similar to envirotech, inexperienced constructing (occasionally greentech), is much more anxious not only with the individual building’s effectiveness and throw away reduction in-itself, but also for the affect of the developing with its bordering environment. The reduction of greenhouse fuel emissions is an critical element of green constructing. Green constructing is therefore worried with both the high quality of existence (air, clean water) inside, and the neighborhood outside the house. Formal techniques have been set up to grant certification for meeting inexperienced building requirements, like the Management in Power and Environmental Design (LEED) ranking technique.

Sustainable Layout design

Even though envirotech bargains primarily with the products and processes by which buildings continue being successful and reduce throw away, and greentech is anxious with how properties perform routinely inside their atmosphere, sustainable construction incorporates equally of these elements by evaluating and optimizing performance and waste-reduction more than the total daily life-cycle of a creating. This cradle-to-the-grave strategy begins with the preliminary patterns and remains environmentally-dependable at every phase of construction, day-to-day functioning, as well as taking into consideration the building’s foreseeable future. Architectural technicians practicing sustainable design and style make use of the Lifestyle Cycle Evaluation approach to combine every aspect of environmental results.

From the units employed internally, to the relationship with the conversation, to the lengthy-expression concerns of our planet, environmentally-liable design is the proper way to developing a better long term.

Mapping futures – human and the built environment

Mapping the material

The architectural image transfers the information embedded environments by the moving body to ‘respond and support human use and activities through through the provision of specialized information'(Addington and Shcodek 2005:8) into becoming the ‘smart materials‘ (Addington and Shcodek2005:205).

The interaction generated through the environment  is determined by the interconnectivity defined by body and mind as Derrick de Kerchove (2001) points out.  Every memory acts as a reminder through the suggested space which are defined within the limits of  the surroundings of the mental space, ‘between mental and virtual‘ (Kerchove, de Derick 2001:18).

 Mapping the body

“Words are difficult, but the sound, motion and imagery can really give you the feel”                                                                                                   (New Scientist 2009)

The sensory experience, has the capability to enhance the mechanical power of sensors into becoming the reading mechanism of the human body. As shown in Force Field at the Science museum in London, the experiences lived by the astronauts can be re-translated into remotely architectural products, which act on energy impulses. The body becomes to product of sensorial bounds where the feelings are determined by the electric impulses. As Addington and Shcodek (2005) points out, it is the ‘smart materials’ which articulate various types of products to become the bridge between the manifestation of the material and the actual behaviour of the technology.

 Mapping the dwelling

            “A building cannot be treated as an autonomous object; the architect must also think about its impact and interaction with a variety of systems that no one would consider remotely architectural.”                                     (Addington and Shcodek 2005:226)

The designs which Addington and Shcodek (2005) points here, are the information embedded systems where the interaction between building and environment becomes the variety of the systems, where in the architectural image would engage with other information media, that no one would consider as being architectural.

The example of dwellings which Brett Steele (2001) points out, are the buildings which already implement and better the natural environment to achieve an efficient state, in order to communicate with the user, before and after the construction of the dwell, to perfectly adapt to user’s needs.

It is one of the few conceptual dwellings where the World Wide Web is incorporated into the user’s needs before building the community. It is the map which assimilate the information about the user in order to build a better place. It is the logical assimilation of similar things, which articulate the same behaviours under the same roof, where changes and movements are fluidly transferring the spaces to become the potential in building a new one. As Brett Steele (2001) points out, it is the symbiosis which moves different spaces to become one symbiotically generated, which incorporates and maps the development for the future dwellings.

 

Mapping the urban

Applying logical distributed systems, as shown by Brett Steele (2001), in traffic analysing systems, generate redistribution based on the analyses gathered into previous interaction with the human activities, by reading the data from the video cameras.  In this case the system has been already classified into dynamic linear patters, as being streets, and junctions as being the intersection between at least two dynamic linear patterns.

Classifying the dynamic linear patterns with the classifier of the activities developed by the dynamic linear pattern into codes of interaction, which transfers the information into sets of visual patterns (coloured patterns depending on the activity at one defined point within the given spatial interactivity), and places the information gathered into packets of information. The dynamic linear patterns are then transferred to the visual receptor as Kamijo Lab. (2009) points out.

The information gathered into previous interaction, is placing the visual receptor into direct negotiation with information gathered from the whole grid of dynamic linear patterns.

Connecting them together is accentuating the receptors with large packets of information. The information is stored and negotiated between other connections. This is helping the system to understand the traffic positions within the chosen grid which is than redistributed through the flow of the grid, transferring large loads to other routes creating a homogeneous flow within the city street grid.

The information packets are equilibrated at the same ratio.  This is achieved by transferring the information through traffic lights signals, managing their possition based on the information gathered. This is helping to keep the traffic into continuous flow, helping drivers and city transferability.

An example is being developed by University of Tokyo which is able to measure and monitor the movement patterns of the pedestrians and vehicles. By processing the images from video cameras, they are able to provide close up monitor to avoid accidents, to increase the response time and to redirect patterns.

                         ‘Toward the goals of efficiency and safety, we developed a precise tracking algorithm based on the Spatio-Temporal MRF model which is able to track both pedestrians and vehicles simultaneously against occlusions in the images. During the past few years, this model has been practically applied to acquire traffic flow statistics.                           However, in this paper, we present an improvement of the S-T MRF model so as to deal with flexible objects such as pedestrians as well as rigid objects such as  vehicles. Based on experimental results, this model was able to simultaneously track pedestrians and vehicles against occlusion even in very cluttered situations.                                    Consequently, the improved S-T MRF model was proven to be effective for traffic monitoring at urban intersections.’                                                (Kamijo Lab., 2009)

 

The accumulation of information generated by this process of interaction between the build environment and the natural environment is turning the reality of the urban streets into a digital interface, a display monitor.

Visual sensors, which are the visual receptor for a junction, are placing the information technology at the extension between human body and natural environment. In this case architectural object becomes sensible to human interaction.

Traffic Management Patterns

FIG. 3 – Traffic analysis (Komijo Lab, 2009)

Street Traffic Patterns

FIG. 4 – Traffic colour analysis (Komijo Lab, 2009)

Another example of sensor embedded construction is the St Anthony Falls Bridge which makes the connection between natural environment and the built environment to blend, to respond in real time to interferences, to discover and predict patterns within the internal structure.

                         ‘It has an embedded early-warning system made of hundreds of sensors. They  include wire and fibre optic stain and displacement gauges, accelerometers, potentiometers and corrosion sensors that have been built into the span to monitor of  structural weaknesses, such as corroded concrete and overly strained joints.

On top of this, temperature sensors embedded in the tarmac activate a system that  sprays antifreeze on the road when it gets too cold, and a traffic-monitoring system alerts Minnesota Department of Transportation to divert traffic in the event of an accident or overcrowding.’  (The Economist, 2009)

Information accumulated from this process it is able to interact with the environment and its changeable nature, being able to deliver the information needed to generate and restructure a new pattern which interacts between architectural geometry and the architecture as an embedded organism as Peter Eisenman (2003) points out, simulated into a digital environment, and differentiated in natural form.

Similar embedded digital environments are developed by IBM to better articulate the existing connections between the building itself, but at the same time, to better articulate the connections with the natural environment. A building is no more a static object placed into a physical space, now is instrumented to interact intelligent through the surroundings, in some case being able to make individual decisions, which will affect the community as a whole.

             “Instrumented: Today, many of the systems that constitute a building are managed independently — and many of them are not managed at all for their occupancy, energy use    or thermal effect, due to a lack of sensors and monitors that would be needed to do so.

            Interconnected: A lack of standards for measuring energy use and carbon footprints isolates buildings’ systems from each other and makes practices that can control and manage energy use more difficult to implement. And the lack of standard interfaces across the broad array of  devices and systems in a building makes managing them from a central point or plan nearly impossible.

Intelligent: But with an instrumented and interconnected building, building owners and    tenants can make better decisions about the building’s energy use — and can often rely on the green building to “make those decisions” itself. Additionally, smart policies — new government standards for energy efficiency and incentives for architects, builders,      developers and owners, so that savings on future operating costs can go to the people making the upfront investments — can combine with incentives for utilities to achieve a    reduction in buildings’ demands for energy and water.’                                                                                                                                                                    (IBM – Smarter planet, 2009)

Is the connection with the information technology the pathway in directing the architecture towards new corporeal formations of spaces directed by architecture of logic and cognition as Derrick de Kerchove (2001) points out.

It is the new architectural form of the articulation in which man attempts to define the possibilities of space, to connect the spaces into becoming the main development in architectural practices.

Space is at the boundary between physical negotiation of logical cognition, and the formal representation of abstract thought as Dan O’Sullivan (1994) points out, than the represented form is interacting the connections of space into becoming the interactive space.
As Furio Barzon (2003) points out, symbols are taking the trajectory of signage which is placing the information into points of communication, generating physical interaction. In this way, space is becoming inter-connected by articulated points, generating forms of flow from packets of information through the entire system, which articulates and expands continuously, creating the framework for the embedded mapped world.